UMBERTO ECO EL CEMENTERIO DE PRAGA Traducción de Helena Lozano Miralles Puesto que los episodios también son necesa. 𝗣𝗗𝗙 | Although classified as a literary novel with a fictional plot, The Prague cemetery is crammed with historical information on 19th century. Il Cimitero di Praga and The Prague Cemetery Eco had expressed a Harvill Secker, ; references in Italian are to the original edition: Umberto Eco.
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The latest novel of Umberto Eco, as is well known, recounts the tale of one Like Eco's other novels, The Prague Cemetery is specifically written in such a way. "THE PRAGUE. CEMETERY". By Umberto Eco. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt,. $ Philosophers believe that "the soul is simply what a person. The Prague Cemetery - Kindle edition by Umberto Eco, Richard Dixon. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features.
It is the voice that I hear as I try to work out how best to translate a sentence, what words are best to use, when I wonder how Eco might have written that sentence if he had been writing it in English.
It might seem an odd thing to say, but this was perhaps the greatest difference I found between the Eco and my previous work on translating Leopardi. With Eco, I always have a fixed, clearly discernible point, and that is the voice of the author. It related to the first words of the novel, which opens with a classic piece of scene- setting: In my first draft I tried to circumvent the problem by avoiding the word: And he was right.
It would have weakened the opening. Chi, in quella grigia mattina del 16 dicembre Paris, The figure we see writing at the desk is Simone Simonini.
These are his rooms. He woke up one morning to find he had lost his memory. He suspects something traumatic has happened. Umberto Eco. The Prague Cemetery. Harvill Secker, ; references in Italian are to the original edition: Il Nome della rosa. Bompiani, Simonini is a racist.
Le uniche influenze sono state negative, distruttive. Simonini was born in Turin in His mother died when he was still a child; his father was away fighting for a united Italy and gets killed in Rome in He is brought up by his grandfather, an old reactionary who houses Jesuit refugees and hates the Jews.
Simonini studies law. His skills bring him to the attention of the Piedmont secret service who decide he might be useful. To do so, he blows up the ship on which Nievo is sailing, with the loss of all lives.
Simonini has gone too far. He is banished to Paris. He arrives there in We are now a third of the way through the novel. The remainder of the story is set here, where he sets up business forging documents in rooms over a junk shop near Place Maubert. He also works for the French secret service as a forger and fixer. Over the next thirty-five years he lays traps for revolutionaries fighting against Napoleon III, provides intelligence during the days of the Paris Commune and forges the bordereau that would trigger the Dreyfus Affair.
He hatches a plan to forge what would one day become the infamous Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a document that would claim the Jews were plotting world dominion.
Simonini works long hours on his life story, falling asleep through exhaustion or an excess of wine. So the novel has three voices: All of the other characters, except for a few incidental figures, really existed. This places a responsibility upon the translator, as well as the author, in terms of historical accuracy.
The dangers of mistranslation are evidently much greater if the translator has a less than solid understanding of the historical and factual context of the novel. Much of what Eco describes is well-documented: The military, political and social detail had to be accurate in English.
Internet now saves us many long hours in libraries and offers instant access to more information than was available to any previous generation of translators, giving the possibility of a more reliable job than ever before. Negotiating between three languages Most translation, in barest terms, involves moving text from one language to another. But here there was a negotiation between three languages: In fact, they may be happening in that very moment.
It is clear that when you write a story that takes place in the past you try to show what really happened in those times.
But you are always moved by the suspicion that you are also showing something about our contemporary world.
Take a lot of WikiLeaks papers. I was very amused because I published the novel in Italy one year ago, exactly one month before the WikiLeaks affair blew up. Simonini is a forger, and understands that in order to tell secret information to a secret service you always have to tell what is already known.
Otherwise they will not believe you. From what I have seen, all the WikiLeaks communications sent by the American embassies to Hillary Clinton were just saying exactly what was published in Newsweek the week before!
So you see that there is a sometimes a slight difference between fiction and reality. What is it about forgery that interests you? It is a running theme throughout so much of your work. I have been interested in it for at least thirty or forty years, in part because I am a scholar of the problems of language and communication. And to lie is a typical human activity, sometimes more important than telling the truth.
Because of lies we can produce and invent a possible world. And in order to understand whether something is a language or not, you have to see whether it can be used to lie. A dog steals your food and hides, but he does not tell you it was another dog. I was interested in the Protocols not only because is it an important forgery, but because of the tragedy that it contributed to. It was in that the Times of London proved that they were fake. And after that they were more and more believed and published everywhere.
So I was interested by such a phenomenon.
Why were they so successful? The answer is that they were not creating new ideas. They were reinforcing previous prejudices. Alexander Dumas is an important character in the book and the spirit of his books pervades the novel.
Is he an important writer to you as a novelist? I first read him in my youth. I was always fascinated by the nineteenth-century popular novels. Simonini studies law.
After his grandfather's death he is employed by a dishonest lawyer who teaches him the art of forgery. His skills bring him to the attention of the Piedmont Government secret service who decide his skills might be useful to them. Giuseppe Garibaldi with his " Thousand " red shirts invades Sicily in and Simonini is sent to Palermo as a spy to report on Garibaldi's movements after he has taken possession of the Island.
While on this mission, Simonini discovers that, contrary to circulating rumours, Garibaldi's Thousand are students, independent artisans, and professionals; they are not peasants. The support given by Sicilian peasants is not a matter of patriotism, but of hatred of exploiting landlords and oppressive Neapolitan officials.
Garibaldi himself has no interest in social revolution, and instead sides with the Sicilian landlords against the rioting peasants. The Kingdom of Piedmont cautiously supports the unification of Italy but is worried that Garibaldi's fame might eclipse that of their king, Vittorio Emanuele , or worse still, that he might proclaim a republic.
Simonini is ordered to destroy some heavily guarded documents in Nievo's possession. To do so, he blows up the ship on which Nievo is sailing, with the loss of all lives. Simonini has gone too far. He is banished to Paris. He arrives there in , where the remainder of the story is set. Here he sets up business forging documents in rooms over a junk shop near Place Maubert.
He also works for the French secret service as a forger and fixer. Over the next thirty-five years he lays traps for revolutionaries fighting against Napoleon III , provides intelligence during the days of the Paris Commune and forges the bordereau that would trigger the Dreyfus affair.
All of this earns him enough to pay the bills and to indulge his passion for fine food, but he wants to retire on a decent pension. He hatches a plan to forge what will one day become the infamous Protocols of the Elders of Zion , a document that claims the Jews were plotting world dominion.