Books Advanced Search New Releases & Pre-orders Best Sellers Browse Genres Children's & Young Adult Textbooks Exam Central All Indian Languages. 81, ratings) and Fulfilled by site. Brighter Than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists Paperback – 1 Jun. Brighter than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists, by Austrian Robert Jungk, is the first published account of the Manhattan Project and . Brighter than a Thousand Suns may refer to: Brighter than a Thousand Suns ( album), by the band Killing Joke; Brighter than a Thousand Suns (book), by Robert.
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Brighter than a Thousand Suns book. Read 26 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. An account of the remarkable scientists who discovere. download Brighter than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic .The books by Robert Jungk and Thomas Powers should both be read to gain an. Brighter Than A Thousand Suns: The Story Of The men Who Made The Bomb Story time just got better with Prime Book Box, a subscription that delivers.
We failed to give due credit to some of the finest heroes of the entire nuclear development. Hitler, could have made a bomb without the misdirection of Werner Heisenberg. This is actually the full version, not the censored one I used to read back in Eastern Europe Anyone in the know has read this book. If your interested in the people, events, and evolution of nuclear development this is a great book. I highly recommend. One person found this helpful.
While an easy to read book, Jungk presents some false information that depreciates the value of the book. The first is the impression that Von Weisacker and other German scientists attempted to give to the post war world, that they were not really trying to build a bomb, but were merely interested in nuclear power. The more serious misstatement however, is about Klaus Fuchs' espionage on the Manhattan Project which was the most damaging espionage committed by any of the atomic spies of that era.
Jungk claims that Fuchs decided to spy for the Soviet Union when he learned about plans to bomb Hiroshima. This is so off base that one has to question Jungk's scholarship or motives. Here is why: Fuchs began spying for the Soviets in in Britain, before Pearl Harbor and before there was even a Manhattan Project.
The decision to acutally bomb Hiroshima was made in None of the scientists know what the targets were. This is such a huge distortion of the facts that it should be mentioned in any review of this book. The book has lots of details but if you download it, beware of some of the downright distortions of history. Adventure, good writing a very engaging history of the development of atomic power and the players who made it happen.
I read this book in the s but misplaced my copy. I had such good memories of the book that I bought it in order to read it again. See all 25 reviews. site Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers. Learn more about site Giveaway. This item: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists. Set up a giveaway.
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Get to Know Us. site Payment Products. English Choose a language for shopping. They brought with them to Gottingen a little of the unburdened atmosphere of the American campus.
Their annual Thanksgiving dinners, the most memorable presided over by K. Compton in , were universally popular.
The Americans showed their German colleagues how to eat turkey and sweet corn and learned in turn to drink beer, to sing and to hike. Nearly all the Americans who became well known later on for the development of atomic energy had been at Gottingen at various times between and They included Condon, who complained in lively fashion of the lack of comfort in the Gottingen lodgings; the lightningbrained Norbert Wiener; Erode, always deep in thought; the modest Richtmyer; the cheerful Pauling - one of Sommerfeld's pupils, who often came over from Munich; and the amazing' Oppie ', who managed to pursue in Gottingen not only his physical studies but also his philosophical, philological, and literary hobbies.
He was particularly deep in Dante's Inferno and in long evening walks along the railway tracks leading from the freight station would discuss with colleagues the reason why Dante had located the eternal quest in hell instead of in paradise. One evening Paul Dirac, who was usually so silent, took Oppenheimer aside and gently reproached him.
How on earth can you do two such things at once? In science one tries to tell people, in such a way as to be understood by everyone, something that no one ever knew before. But in the case of poetry it's the exact opposite! The villa belonged to a medical man, Dr Cario, whose son Gunther was preparing for a brilliant future as a physicist while acting as one of Franck's assistants.
It was a usual practice for Gottingen families of good social position to take in students as 'paying guests'. They brought the outside world into the provincial parlour and received in return a measure of domestic security which they smiled at first but soon came to value and look track on with longing. Between those who leased the rooms and those who rented them often grew long-standing friend- ship and occasionally marriage.
A surprising number of the wives of professors on the five continents come from little Gottingen. From these families the foreign students often learned German very quickly.
They frequently even wrote articles in German for scientific periodicals during the period of their studies.
In conversation, however, they made amusing mistakes. The young English astrophysicist Robertson wanted one day to check the exact weight of a letter he was going to send abroad. He burst into a shop and breathlessly asked the girl behind the counter: 'Haben Sie eine Wiege? Ich mochte etwas wagen. I want to do something risky.
Icit miichte etwas wiegen. I want to weigh something. Even Oppenheimer stumbled over them. In the spring of he applied for permission to take the examination for a doctor's degree. To everyone's astonishment his request was flatly refused by the Prussian Ministry of Education, to which the University of Gottingen was subordinated.
An inquiry by the dean of the Natural Science Faculty elicited the following reply from Ministerial Councillor von Ruttenburg in Berlin: 'Herr Oppenheimer made a wholly inadequate application. Obviously the Ministry had to refuse it. He had never formally matriculated, therefore, and consequently had never been a member of the university at all! The professors of the future father of the atom bomb had to write imploring letters to the Rectorial Board and the Ministry.
Max Born said Oppenheimer's work for his doctor's degree had been so outstanding that Born wanted to publish it in one of the series of Gottingen dissertations. The plea that the American undergraduate could not wait another term at Gottingen to take his examination in regular fashion was expressed to the authorities in a petition for the grant of belated matriculation.
Was this argument justified by the facts?
Oppenheimer was the son of a New York businessman who had left Germany for the United States at the age of seventeen and made a fortune there. Consequently it was not so much money that Oppie lacked, in all probability, as patience. He was bound to regard a further term at Gottingen as a waste of time. In these years, however, little fibs of this kind had not yet become the subjects of committees of investigation. The petition went through without further objection. Robert Oppenheimer took his oral examination on the after- noon of 11 May He passed in all subjects - except physico- chemistry - with the marks 'excellent' or 'very good'.
His written work for the doctorate was pronounced by Max Born to be evidence of a high grade of scientific achievement, far above the level of the average dissertation. Born's only criticism stated that 'the one fault to be found with the work is that it is difficult to read. But this formal shortcoming counts for so little in comparison with the content that I propose the paper be marked "with distinction".
In the Gottingen of these twenty years it was possible to get along without a scholarship or a fat monthly cheque. The Russian mathematician Schnirelmann brought nothing with him but his toothbrush and a copy of his latest work on prime numbers, but the Gottingen mathematician Landau had already given a lecture on the 'Schnirelmann proposition', and the young scholar, who had arrived in rags, soon got some decent clothes and board and lodging at the wellknown Pension Wunderlich, frequented by physicists.
His anonymous patrons also sent him every month a small money order to cover out-of-pocket expenses.
He was often seen slowly making his way down the main street of Gottingen, his shoelaces undone and his gaze, as usual, fixed absentmindedly upon distant combinations of figures. The eminent stage director Kurt Hirschfeld, who was studying in Gottingen at the time, tells us how odd he thought these young mathematicians and physicists were.
He once saw a member of Born's 'kindergarten', who was walking along in a dream, stumble and fall flat on his face. Hirschfeld rushed up and tried to help him to his feet. But the fallen student, still on the ground, vigorously repulsed his efforts.
Fritz Houtermans, today a professor of physics at a Swiss university, reports that he was once awakened in the middle of the night by someone banging on the window of his ground-floor rooms in Nikolausburg Strasse. One of his fellow students was begging urgently for admission. He had just had a splendid idea, he said, which would dispose of some of the unsolved contradictions in the new theories.
Far from driving the intruder from his door, the disturbed sleeper opened it, as soon as he had got into his dressing-gown and slippers. The two worked until dawn on calculations with the newly established equations.
In those exciting years it was not unusual for such sudden 'brain waves' by very young men to make a great stir in inter- national professional circles or even in certain cases to bring their authors fame almost overnight. For example, Werner Heisenberg the son of a professor of ecclesiastical history, had spent his last year at school in the threes of the Munich 'Councils' Revolution' and served with an anti-Communist unit of schoolboys.
To bring food to his starving family in the blockaded city he had twice, at the risk of his life, slipped through the lines of 'White' and 'Red' troops. While on sentry duty on the roof of a theological seminary he had read Plate and been aroused by the atomic theories of the ancient Creeks. But the opinion stated in Plate's Timaeus that atoms were ordinary substantive bodies satisfied him as little as a drawing in his physics textbook which depicted them with hooks and eyes.
This critical attitude of refusal to be impressed by any authority did not desert Heisenberg even when his instructor, Sommerfeld, took him to Gottingen in to attend the Bohr Festival Season. Far from merely listening with reverence to the great man from Copenhagen, the boy, who was then only just nineteen years old, crossed swords with him during long walks to the Rohns and up to the Hainberg. Because of these conversations, which delighted Heisenberg, he decided to study physics. His name would soon be read as a collaborator in one of Sommerfeld's publications.
At twenty- three he was working as assistant to Born, at twenty-four he was lecturing on theoretical physics in Copenhagen and at twenty-six he became a regular professor at Leipzig. When he was barely thirtytwo years old Heisenberg received the Nobel prize for theoretical studies of fundamental importance, published actually some six or eight years previously, in other words at an age when most students of medicine and law have just concluded their training.
One of his closest friends states in his recollections of Heisenberg at Gottingen: He looked even greener in those days than he really was, for, being a member of the Youth Movement, the moral idealism of which greatly attracted him, he often wore, even after reaching man's estate, an open shirt and walking shorts. He always considered himself constitutionally lucky and this was quite true.
Brilliant intellectual achievements, such as his recognition of the 'uncertainty principle' or the basic ideas of the 'matrix calculus', which he afterwards developed with the help of Born and his fellow student Pascual Jordan, a few months younger than himself.
Those who came to know Heisenberg later, after the political upheaval had troubled him with grief and doubt, cannot know how radiant he once was. He had brought his revolutionary quantum mechanics with him in from Heligoland, where he used to climb on the red cliffs while he read Goethe's WestOstlicher Divan and worked in the intervals on his own ideas in a kind of intellectual intoxication.
I doubt if he had any sleep worth mentioning during that blissful Whitsun vacation. The lean and lanky Dirac, son of a Swiss father and an English mother, attained a high reputation in the world of physicists when he was even younger than Heisenberg. Even the initiated could not always follow his mental processes.
The 'mystic of the atom' was not in the least worried by that. When he was not at Cambridge he could often be seen working in one of the classrooms of the Second Physics Institute at Gottingen. As if in a dream, he would be holding a mental colloquy with the rows of symbols he had chalked on the blackboard.
Even in the presence of a second person Dirac hardly ever accompanied the stages of his mathematical proofs with words. Speech of course would never have been able to express what he had to say. The other physicists used to say that Dirac was so silent that he uttered an entire sentence only once every light year. Another was 'Pat' Blackett, a former British naval officer, who photographed and interpreted the miraculous world of atomic events. That merry and freakish soul from Soviet Russia, George Gamow, had more ideas than anyone else but left it to others to distinguish the true from the false.
Then there was Wolfgang Pauli, from Vienna, who once danced for joy in the middle of the Amalienstrasse at Munich because something new had just occurred to him. They all knew, of course, that they were engaged on work of far-reaching importance.
But they never dreamed that their somewhat esoteric studies would so soon, so profoundly, and so violently affect the fate of mankind and their own lives. Alexander Sachs supposedly got FDR to pump money into the Manhattan Project; but what could he possibly have known about it? It's very noticeable that all the preliminary nuclear work was done by Europeans, mostly Britons and Germans, and I don't think there's any evidence that Becquerel, Thomson, Mendeleyev, Aston, the Curies, Rutherford, Planck were anything other than dedicated researchers.
If the general hypothesis of this forum is accepted, the s must mark the starting point for the entire nuclear fraud. The letter from Einstein recommending US research into nuclear weapons is supposed to be a reaction to the results of an experiment on fission. However, FirstClassSkeptic a member of this forum has cast doubt on the usual interpretation of that experiment.
It's also worth nothing that, according to Chrysler, more money was spent on radar than on the 'Manhattan Project' - this spending I think included electrical components, which after WW2 started to appear in consumer products. Jungk's book has an appendix, the 'Franck Report', to I think Stimson. This is full of comment on dangers of nuclear weapons, proliferation, treaties, control, and so on. Astonishingly, this was dated a few months before the first supposed test, Trinity. Trinity incidentally was carried out at night, in a remote country area, ten miles from observers, and with full military secrecy.
Only one film of it is ever shown - despite the huge cost! Its tower had a duplicate close by, loaded with high explosive which however seems to have been ignited by lightning.
On its return from the island base of Tinian, it was sunk, but left for a few days while the sailors died - all of which is cause for suspicion, of course - maybe some sailors had worked out the bomb was a fake, and it was decided they'd be killed?